Study design

The project is being conducted within the SAFE landscape in fiveĀ broad habitat types along a modification gradient that is relevant to land-use and policy decisions in the forestry and agricultural industries: 1) Continuous logged forest; 2) Riparian forest buffers (30 m width) of High Conservation Value; 3) Fragmented, heavily logged forest (35-50% forest cover); 4) Mature oil palm plantations, and 5) Newly established oil palm plantations. Forest remnants, in particular riparian areas, are consistently afforded legal protection in tropical plantations. By nesting experimental studies within a broader gradient, all measurements are taken at representative habitat types across the SAFE landscape (Figure 1). The observations and experimental results from each level can be used to inform studies conducted at adjacent levels.

 

Figure 1: Map of the LOMBOK plots across the SAFE landscape.

Figure 1: Map of the LOMBOK plots across the SAFE landscape.